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Bay of Luanda Waterfront
Drawings, plans, elevations
The Bay of Luanda gave rise to the urban and architectural waterfront of the capital of Angola for more than 400 hundred years, being one of its main foundational patterns. Over time, it has been the most important public space of the city and the social and economic epicentre of the country. Through time, the waterfront attached the downtown neighbourhood and afterwards the major urban networks and expansion routes. Given the current and fast transformation of Luanda downtown, the new Waterfront seeks to protect the urban pattern legitimized by its history and public use. It also decontaminates, re-infrastructures and expands its platform that was not maintained for many years, giving place to a vast extension of a new urban front that revitalizes the public use dimension, which, in a way, had disappeared. With about 3 500m long and 510 000m² of intervention surface on new landfills, the old promenade becomes a large urban park to support the vitality of Luanda public life. And, by capillarity, the new waterfront is supposed to contaminate the adjacent public spaces and, from these, the other ones through the city. The intervention, apart the new infrastructures, comprises a new green layer with trees, bushes and grass, a set of squares connected with the public space system of the city, and pedestrian and bike paths. It has places for civic meetings and places to rest, areas for sport activities, new urban services, equipment and furniture. It enables greater social interaction and boosts recreational and cultural activity. In this context, the new Luanda Bay Waterfront has a monumental scope. It is a monument that celebrates the city in the most representative, meaningful and charismatic space of its collective life and history.